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Germán Samper Gnecco





Arquitecto colombiano nacido en Bogotá el 18 de abril de 1924. Realizó sus estudios de arquitectura en la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, de donde se graduó en el Generally, interest differs between people, and gender depends on sexual orientation. Both forms of pornography generally contains nudity. Dwarfs or midget pornography features performers who are dwarfs/midgets. Bottom and submissive are widely recognized terms for those partner in the relationship or activity who are, respectively, the physically receptive or controlled participants. A somewhat controversial ejaculation control technique is to put pressure on the perineum, about halfway between the scrotum and the anus, just before ejaculating. For uncircumcised males, stimulation of the penis in this way comes from the pumping of the foreskin, in which the foreskin is held and slid up and down over the glans, which depending on foreskin length, is completely or partially covered and then uncovered in a rapid motion. This fetish sometimes originates from childhood memories of needing, or of seeing another needing, to urinate. A male voyeur is commonly labeled Peeping Tom, a term which originates from the Lady Godiva legend. Adult animation is genre of animation geared towards adults and sometimes hot milf teens. A homosexual threesome would involve either three men or three women. Body parts including fingers, tongue and penis may be used for anonymous oral, vaginal and/or anal intercourse. In academic discourse, racial fetishism is a postcolonialist term found in the writings of authors such as Homi K. Sadomasochism is practiced in isolation relatively rarely, though some masochists report biting, pinching, or even stun-gunning themselves as a prelude to, or as part of, masturbation. The anus has a relatively high concentration of nerve endings and can be an erogenous zone, and the receiver may receive pleasure from external anal stimulation. Its primary goal is sexual arousal in its audience. Since development and pronunciation of the buttocks begins at menarche and declines with age, full buttocks are also a symbol of youth. Some restrict a policy of panties/nipple tape for females and some allow full nudity with explicit sexual interaction allowed. año 1947. 
Poco después, se unió al Taller del arquitecto Le Corbusier donde colaboró en distintos proyectos hasta 1954; entre ellos, el Edificio de la Cortede Justicia y el plano urbanístico de Chandigarh (India). En el año 1958 se vinculó con Esguerra Sáenz y Samper Ltda. donde fue Socio y Director del Departamento de Diseño. Durante los próximos cuarenta años diseñó y dirigió la construcción de varios proyectos con esta firma. Entre algunas de sus construcciones más destacadas se encuentran la Biblioteca Luis Ángel Arango en 1957, el Museo del Oro en 1963 (por el cual ganó el Premio Nacional de Arquitectura), el edificio Avianca en 1968, el Centro de Convenciones de Cartagena en 1979, el Banco de Occidente de Bogotá en 1984 y la Ciudadela Colsubsidio de Bogotá a partir de 1990.







Durante este periodo y de forma paralela inicia una profunda investigación en vivienda social y productiva y sobre los problemas de la ciudad contemporánea, principalmente latinoamericana; estudiando adicionalmente temas en desarrollo urbano y espacio público. En este proceso inicia con el Barrio de autoconstrucción “la Fragua” y de allí con rigor y dedicación ha realizado varios proyectos de vivienda y diseño urbano como Carimagua, Concurso Internacional de Previ en Perú, Normas mínimas de Urbanización, Ciudadela Real de Minas y Ciudadela Colsubsidio entre otros. Al respecto ha escrito numerosas publicaciones, principalmente con la Revista Escala.
Ha dedicado gran parte de su tiempo a dejar constancia de la evolución de su pensamiento, fruto de una reflexión continua, estasinvestigaciones han sido registradas en una amplia reseña de publicaciones que dan cuenta de este proceso. Se destacan entre ellas los libros “Germán Samper: La evolución de la vivienda” (2003), "La Arquitectura y la Ciudad" (1986), "El Recinto Urbano" (1994), "La Arquitectura y la Ciudad-  Apuntes de Viaje".  Adicionalmente, en algunas compilaciones como el libro “América Latina en su cultura”  compilador Roberto Segre. Con el artículo “Responsabilidad del arquitecto”, UNESCO (1975).
En 1995 constituyó con su hija Ximena, la firma G.X. Samper Arquitectos Ltda., firma con la cual se encuentra  actualmente trabajando.










Germán Samper ha dedicado varios años de su vida a la docencia. En 1956 fue nombrado Decano de la Facultad de Arquitectura de la Universidad de los Andes, cargo que asumió hasta 1959. Durante ese mismo período fue profesor de diseño de la facultad. En 1970 fue Profesor invitado del curso sobre “Industrialización y Vivienda” realizado por el CINVA (Centro Interamericano de Vivienda). Desde entonces ha dictado varios talleres de arquitectura entre los que se destacan: la Universidad de Chihuahua, el Colegio de Arquitectosdel Ecuador, la escuela de arquitectura de Panamá, entre otros.
Otro aspecto notable de su trayectoria son los croquis de viaje. A lo largo de su vida ha realizado bocetos y dibujos en los viajes. A través de ellos estudia y busca ampliar su experiencia, para enriquecer la mente creadora y para profundizar en sus búsquedas. Los croquis de viaje se convierten en una herramienta para la comprensión y el estudio de la arquitectura y la ciudad.







Experiencia destacada con:


Taller del arquitecto Le Corbusier.
París, Francia -1948 -1954
Varios años de colaboración en su Taller de Arquitectura y Urbanismo
Plan Piloto de Bogotá
Plano Urbanístico de Chandigarh
Edificio de la Corte de Justicia y Palacio de los Ministerios de Chandigarh.
Participación en los CIAM - Congreso Internacional de Arquitectura Moderna
1949, CIAM VII, Bérgamo, Italia. Sobre la arquitectura como arte. Puesta en práctica de la Carta de Atenas. Nacimiento de la grille 
CIAM de urbanismo.
1951, CIAM VIII, Hoddesdon, Inglaterra. Enfocada al corazón de la ciudad. Estudio del centro, del núcleo de las ciudades.
1953, CIAM IX, Aix-en-Provence, Francia. Publicación de la Carta de habitación. Estudio del hábitat humano.


English summary
Germán Samper Gnecco
Selected Works, Distinctions

 


Germán Samper was born in Bogotá on April 18, 1924. He studied architecture at the National University and graduated in 1947.
Soon thereafter he joined the studio of French architect Le Corbusier in Paris, where he collaborated in different projects until 1954,
including the Pilot Plan for Bogotá, the Court of Justice building and urban designs for Chandigarh (Punjab, India).

On his return to Colombia he worked as a freelance architect with the Banco Central Hipotecario [Central Mortgage Bank]. In 1958 he joined Esguerra Sáenz
Urdaneta Suárez, where he was a partner and directed the design deparment. Over the course of the following forty years he designed
various projects with this firm.
During this time he simultaneously embarked on a profound investigation of social and productive housing solutions and the problems of contemporary cities,
especially in Latin America, including urban development and public spaces.
He has dedicated a good portion of his time to putting on paper the evolution of his thinking, as the fruit of constant reflections.
These investigations have been expressed in publications that account for this process.

With his daughter Ximena he founded the firm GX Samper Arquitectos in 1995 and is currently working with this firm.
Germán Samper dedicated several years of his life to education. In 1956 he was appointed Dean of the School of Architecture at Universidad de los Andes,
a position he held until 1959. During this time he also taught design at this school. In 1970 he was guest professor for the course “Industrialization and Housing”
organized by the CINVA (Inter American Housing Center). Since then he has held architecture workshops at the University of Chihuahua, the School of
Architects of Ecuador and the School of Architecture in Panama, among others.

A remarkable aspect of his trajectory is his collection of travel sketches and drawings, created all throughout his life. He has used them to understand and study
architecture and the city and extend his experience, enrich his creative mind and deepen his search. The collection currently has more than 4,000 drawings.


Esguerra, Sáenz and Samper
Commercial, Institutional and Industrial Architecture

Sena building 17th Street. Offices and Educational Centre. Bogotá, 1956.
Casa de Observación de Menores (juvenile correctional facility). Bogotá, 1956.
Carmel Country Club. Bogotá, 1956.
Luis Ángel Arango Library. First and second stage. Bogotá, 1956 -1961.
Abbott Laboratories. Bogotá, 1961.
Gold Museum. First stage. Bogotá, 1963.
BCH building (Central Mortgage Bank offices). Bogotá, 1965.
Pan American Life Insurance building. First place in competition, Bogotá, 1967.
Administrative Centre for the Municipality of Cali (CAM). First place in competition. With Ricaurte Carrizosa and Prieto. Cali, 1968.
Avianca building. First place in competition. With Ricaurte Carrizosa y Prieto. Bogotá,1968.
Coltejer building. First place in competition. With Fajardo Vélez Ltda. and Jorge Manjarrés, Medellín, 1970.
Mazuera building (unbuilt). With Pizano Pradilla Caro and Restrepo Ltda., Bogotá, 1971.
Irotama Hotel. Santa Marta. First stage, 1965, second stage, 1971.
Engineering Laboratories, El Valle University. Cali, 1973.
Banco Popular building. With Juan José Posada, Medellín, 1974.
Nacional Theater, 71st Street. Bogotá, 1976.
Convention Centre of Cartagena. First place in competition. With Taller de la Ciudad. Eduardo Samper and Carlos Hernández. Cartagena, 1979.
El Tiempo building. Newspaper printing facilities and offices. With Cristian de Groote, Bogotá, 1981.
Financiera de Valores Seguros Andina building. Bogotá, 1981.
Banco de la República (Central Bank). Barranquilla’s branch, Barranquilla, 1984.
Banco de Occidente building First place in competition. Bogotá, 1985.
El Universo Newspaper. Guayaquil, Ecuador. First stage, 1980; second stage, 1990.

Housing and Urban Design Projects

La Fragua. Self-building housing. With Yolanda Martínez de Samper. Bogotá, 1958.
Belencito housing cluster. Belencito, 1964.
Carimagua neighborhood. High-density urban dwellings. Bogotá, 1968.
Sidauto neighborhood. Self-building housing. Bogotá, 1968.
Experimental Housing Project (Previ). Lima,(Perú), 1969.
La Alhambra neighborhood. Proyecto urbanístico. Bogotá, 1970.
Santa Anita neighborhood. With Banderas Vela Arquitectos. Quito, (Ecuador), 1972.
Tibaná – Intervil neighborhood. Bogotá, 1972.
Real de Minas Citadel. Plaza Mayor and Los Naranjos neighborhood design. Bucaramanga, 1977.
Colseguros competition. Bogotá,1979.
Ciudad Guasare. Maracaibo, (Venezuela), 1981.
Calle 100 Residential Complex (CVM). First place in competition for Caja de la
Vivienda Militar. Bogotá, 1981.
Ciudad Bolívar. Low-income housing project. Bogotá, 1983.
Housing competition for Cementos Samper. Bogotá, 1984.
Las Brujas housing cluster. Medellín, 1985.
Colsubsidio Citadel. Master Plan, 1984. General urban design and sector 1, Bogotá, 1984-1995. Sector 1 architectonic design, 1985 -1990.
Single-family housing architectonic design, 1985. Multi-family housing architectonic design, 1986. Blocks 1 and 22 architectonic design, 1992. Blocks 23, 24 y 25 architectonic design, 1993.

Distintions of the firm Esguerra, Sáenz and Samper

National Architecture Prize. Colombian Biennale of Architecture 1970.
National Architecture Prize for the Ciudad Universitaria de Cali, Valle (with Jaime Cruz and other architects). Colombian Biennale of Architecture 1972.
Honorary Mention for the second stage of the Luis Ángel Arango Library. Colombian Biennale of Architecture 1966.
Honorary Mention for San Francisco Residential Unit. Colombian Biennale of Architecture 1966.
Honorary Mention for EL Tiempo building. Colombian Biennale of Architecture 1981.
Mention for El Tiempo building, Quito Biennale of Architecture 1981.
National Architecture Prize for Ciudad Bolívar. Colombian Biennale of Architecture 1984.

G.X. Samper Arquitectos

Housing Projects

Colsubsidio. Blocks 16, 32, 36, 37 and 38 architectonic design,1995 -1999; Parks design,1995-2000; Block 10 architectonic design, 2005-2011;
Colsubsidio.Entrance buildingarchitectonic design, 2006-2011, Bogotá.
Ciudad Meléndez. Urban project, middle class housing. With Raúl Ortiz, Cali, 1995-1996.
Los Hayuelos neighborhood. Study of prototypes of occupation, urban design and economic feasibility. Urban plan and housing typologies. With Economistas Urbanos, Mario Noriega and Miguel Télllez, economist, Bogotá, 1995-1997.
Tierragrata 1 & 2 neighborhood and housing design. With Maeco Ltda., Bogotá, 2001-2006.
Las Mercedes – Icarus neighborhood. With Colsubsidio and Balcones de Andalucía,Bogotá, 2007-2008.
La Felicidad neighborhood, blocks 15,16,41,42 & 48. Low-income housing for Colsubsidio, Bogotá, 2010.

Commercial, Institutional and Industrial projects

Bogotá Free Zone industrial complex, 1995.
Cundinamarca University, Girardot, 1997.
Gold Museum, second stage, Bogotá, 1999-2004.
Panamerican School, coliseum. With Eduardo Samper, Bucaramanga, 2001.
Our Lady of Reconciliation. Colsubsidio Citadel, Bogotá, 2000-2002
Hotel Cosmos. Third stage, suites and convention centre, Bogotá, 2003-2004.
BBVA. Building for the Mortgage Centre, Plan development. With Camilo Esguerra
and Mauricio Rojas, Bogotá, 2006-2007.

Urban Design and Landscape Architecture

Pedestrian bridge, National Park, Bogotá, 1997.
Urban renovation for the first Metro line, POT Bogotá. With Camilo Santamaría and Mauricio Sánchez, Bogotá, 1998.
80th Street, Bogotá. Urban design, landscaping and urban furnishing. With Eduardo Samper, Bogotá, 1998.
Rehabilitation of environment management and preservation areas of the Córdoba- Juan Amarillo – Jaboque system. With Eduardo Samper y Gómez Cajiao, Bogotá, 1999-2000.
Carrera 33 renovation. With Eduardo Samper, Bucaramanga, 2001.
Water Park Master Plan. With Lorenzo Castro, Alfonso Leyva, Michèlle Cescas and Eduardo Samper, Bucaramanga, 2002.
Reformulation of the Road Plan, Transport and Public Pedestrian Space of the Land Use Plan (POT) – PNUD project. With Steer Davies Gleave and Camilo Santamaría, Bogotá. 2005.
Study load for Bogotá – Urban component Steer Davies Gleave; With Juan Pablo Zorro, 2011.

Housing research and urban design proposals

Synthesis of a Doctrine on Housing Clusters. Research project on residential sectors focused on increasing density in low-rise buildings. Investigation performed over several years, with periodical publications in the journal Escala.
Municipal Agreement by the Bogotá City Council. Presentation and approval of the proposal Housing Clusters. This system became characteristic city typology. Bogotá, Colombia, 1968.
PREVI - International Experimental Housing Project sponsored by the UN, held in Lima, Peru. With 13 architects from different nations participating. With Urbano Ripoll, 1969.
Minimum Standard of Urbanization. Project done for the Instituto de Crédito Territorial (ICT). Germán Samper directed a component involving urban design and housing. In association with Consultécnicos Ltda., Bogotá, Colombia, 1970.
The Alternate Networks, Use of the Standard Frame. The grid, consisting of blocks and walled architecture measuring 200 m x 200 m alternating with another one measuring 100 m x 100 m. The first one is for vehicles, and the second one a continuous grid for pedestrians.
Urban Enclosure. Determination of urban spaces.

Teaching

Dean of the School of Architecture, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia, 1956-59.
“Urban Design Seminar – Workshop”, College of Architects of Ecuador – Pichincha Regional Branch Quito - Ecuador, 1990.
Architecture Workshop, University of Chihuahua, México, 2000.
Architecture Workshop, Andes University, Bogotá, 2002.
Workshop on low-income housing “From Academy to Reality”, Isthmus, Panamá, 2004.
Professor of the Master’s Program in Urban Design – School of Architecture, Javeriana
University. Bogotá, Colombia, 2006-2010.

Lectures

College of Architects of Costa Rica, X Congress of Architecture: “Social housing and local governments”, Costa Rica, 2011.
San Gerónimo University, “The low-income Habitat”, Havana, Cuba, 2010.
New York Public Library, “Living Architecture”, New York, USA, 2009.
Illinois Institute of Technology, (IIT), “Reflections on Low-income Housing in Latin America”, Chicago, USA, 2009.
Columbia University, “Reflections on Low-income Housing in Latin America”, New York USA, 2009.
Unam - México, “50 years of the Inter-American Planning Society– A mosaic of opinions”, México D.F., México, 2007.
7th Biennale of Architecture and Urbanism, El Salvador, 2006.
GEO Corporation, “30 years of GEO Corporation. Arquitect Carlos Garciavélez”, México D.F., México, 2006.
Colombian Society of Architects- Editorial Escala -Convive, “The Nature of low-income Housing.
Decalogue”, Bogotá, 2005.
First National Meeting of Housing, Infonavit, “Low-income Housing”, Acapulco, México, 2004.
4th Iberian-American Biennale of Architecture (Biau), “Low-income housing: Standpoints”, Lima, Peru, 2004.
University of Oklahoma, “Experience at Le Corbusier’s Atelier 1948-1953”, and “Lowincome Housing in Latin America”, Norman, Oklahoma, USA, 2003.
Building and Housing Promotion Centre (Cihac) - Expo Cihac 2002, “Reflections on Lowincome Habitat”, México D.F., México, 2002.
Seminar “Housing, the Urban Challenge”, “Management of the Low-income Habitat. The Colombian Model”, México D.F., México, 2001.
16th México City Congress of Architects, “Architecture, Globalization and Poverty (Housing Solutions in Poverty)”, México D.F., México, 1999.
Chihuahua, desert workshop, “Living at the Center”, Chihuahua, México, 1999.
Caracas Central University - Leopoldo Martínez Olavarría Chair on Housing: “The Nature of low-income housing“, “People and their individual habitat”, “ Building the city, the public and private sector role”, “The collective habitat, urban enclosure”, Caracas, Venezuela, 1998.
Construction industry associations Congress–Construction association of Panama, “Government centre in the cities”, Ciudad de Panamá, Panamá, 1997.
20th Congress Panamerican Federation of Architects Associations, “Urban Enclosure: an alternative for Latin America”, Brasilia, Brazil, 1996.
Congress of Architects 1996, Cochabamba, guest lecturer, Cochabamba, Bolivia, 1996.

Outstanding Participations

World Design Conference, Tokyo, Japan, 1961.
Habitat I: UN conference on Human Settlements. “The right to space”. Vancouver, Canada, 1976.
Universal Forum on Cultures, Monterrey 2007, “The low-income sectors in Colombian cities. Diagnosis and proposals, Monterrey, México, 2007.
United Nations invited critic guest for low-income housing, Quito Sur, Quito, Ecuador, 1990.
Unesco, consultant for monitoring of Brasilia, Brazil, 1993.

Professional Societies to which he belongs as a Full Member

President of the Colombian Society of Architects, (1962 -1964).
President of the Inter-American Planning Society for two periods (1976 -1980).
Colombian Construction Association (Camacol).
Bolivarian Society of Architects.
Colombia Planning Society.
Inter-American Planning Society.
Labor Habitat.
Panamerican Federation of Architects Associations (FPAA).
Colombia’s representative to the Board of Directors of the Panamerican Federation of Architects Associations.
Member of Riba Team (Royal Institute of British Architects) for the accreditation of Schools of Architecture, National University, Bogotá and Medellín branches.
Member of the Consultative Council of the Journal of the Inter-American Planning Society (SIAP) (1970-1974).
Member of UIA Housing Commission.

Publications

Germán Samper: La Evolución de la Vivienda (The Evolution of Housing,) Editorial Escala, Bogotá, 2003.
El Recinto Urbano, la Humanización de la Ciudad (Urban Enclosure, the Humanizationof the City), Editorial Escala, Bogotá, 1994.
La Arquitectura y la Ciudad, Apuntes de Viaje (Architecture and the City, Travel Sketches), Editorial Escala, Bogotá, 1986.
“The Architect’s responsibility” in América Latina en su Arquitectura (Latin America in its Architecture), Roberto Segre, compiler. UNESCO 1975.

Domestic works declared as Assets of Cultural Interest

Concert Hall of the Luis Ángel Arango Library (2010)
City works designated as Architectural Heritage:
Luis Ángel Arango Library
Gold Museum
Abbott Laboratories
Avianca building
Germán Samper house

Distinctions

Honorary Member of the American Institute of Architects.
Corresponding Member of the Chilean Society of Architects.
Corresponding Member of the Venezuelan Society of Architects.
Member of the Bolivian Society of Architects.
Member of the Puerto Rican Society of Architects.
Honorary member of the Mexican Society of Architects.
Honorary member of the Brazilian Institute of Architecture.
Honorary member of the Peruvian Planning Society
Honorary member of the Colombian Society of Architects.
Nominated to the Adexun – National Excellence Award for dedicated service to the nation– National University, 1998.
Nominated as representative of the Colombian Society of Architects (SCA) to the title Architect of the Americas, 1992.
Diploma of Honor, Colombian Society of Architects, Medellín Regional Office, 1992.
In 2001 the SCA established the category of Social Interest Housing as the Hábitat Popular prize, named after Germán Samper Gnecco.
Tribute and Lifetime Award. SCA – 27th National Architecture Congress, 2001.
SCA – Recognition, together with Hernán Vieco, of the work of a lifetime in favor of national architecture. 20th Architecture Biennale, 2007.
Mérito Uniandino Distinction for Lifetime Achievement, Uniandinos (Andes University Alumni Association), 2007.
Distinction awarded by the National Professional Architecture Council and its Assistant Professors (CPNAA) for social professional responsibility, 2007.
Lifetime Achievement Tribute, Reunión del Concreto 2008, Asocreto [Association of Concrete Producers], Cartagena, Colombia, 2008.
Lifetime Achievement Award, Cemex Works Prizes, Bogotá, Colombia, 2009.
Lifetime Achievement Award, Caring for Colombia Foundation, New York, USA, 2009.
Ministry of Culture, Great Order of Cultural Merit, Bogotá, Colombia, 2010. 7th BIAU –
Iberian-American Architecture Biennale, Trayectory in Colombia Award, Medellín, Colombia, 2010.
Honoris Causa Doctorate, Andes University, Bogotá, Colombia, 2011.
Lifetime Achievement Awards, 14th Premios Lápiz de Acero, 2011.